Below are highlights of some of the interventions Government has made to equip the security agencies:
The Ghana Police Service was established to ensure maintenance of law and order, apprehension of offenders, detection of crime and maintenance of internal peace and security. This is achieved by ensuring the operational readiness and availability of trained police personnel for deployment at all times throughout the country.
- The numerical strength of the Police Service has improved from 23,204 in 2012 to 32,117 in 2014 resulting in a current Police – Population Ratio (PPR) of 1:724 as against 1:1,100 in 2010. This has brought Ghana closer to the United Nations benchmark of 1:500 (PPR).
- This has also led to an increase in Police visibility and accessibility, which is key in crime detection, prevention and control. Available statistics show that between 2013 and 2014 the crime rate dropped by over 5,000.
- For the first time in Ghana’s history, a Marine Police Unit has been set up and equipped with modern speed boats to police the country’s territorial waters.
- A total of 1,424 vehicles have been procured for the Ghana Police Service by Government in the last five years.
Out of this, 1,089 high performance vehicles were procured between 2012 to date. This is against 547 that were bought between 2001 and 2008. Also 14 maverick vehicles have been delivered to enhance the work of the police.
- Apart from the above, logistics such as bullet proof vests, riot control gear and modern mobile clinic vans have been procured for the police. This retooling has made it possible for improved police visibility at high traffic areas, major intersections and communities.
- The Ghana National Fire Service (GNFS) took delivery of 126 new firefighting vehicles in 2012. In 2014, an additional 80 fire tenders were procured bringing to 206 the number of new firefighting vehicles procured by Government. The largest of these can carry up to 3,000 gallons of water and 3,000 gallons of fire retarding foam.
This represents a vast improvement over the 95 firefighting vehicles that were procured for them between 2001 and 2008, a situation that adversely affected their ability to effectively respond to fire outbreaks in the country.
Ghana Armed Forces
The Army, Navy and Airforce have all benefited from a comprehensive retooling programme. Government has procured a fleet of modern aircraft and accessories to enable the Airforce to better perform their functions of protecting the country’s airspace. Included is a package for training of pilots and both ground and Air crew. Government has also procured more equipment for the Army to enhance their operations in a number of peace keeping theatres.
Government is finalising arrangements to procure additional modern ships to boost the capacity of the Navy to defend the country’s marine and coastal resources.
Ghana Immigration Service (GIS)
The Ghana has been established as the agency of the government of Ghana to advise on and to ensure the effective implementation of all matters pertaining to immigration and related issues.
The Director of Immigration being the head of the acts as the chief adviser to the service board and the Minister for the Interior. The day-to-day administration is the responsibility of the Director.
The Ghana Immigration Service is mandated to regulate and monitor the entry, residence, employment and exit of all foreigners. Movement of Ghanaians in and out of the country is equally.
- The operations of the Border Patrol Unit (BPU) of GIS have been enhanced by the installation of border surveillance systems at 15 out of 17 strategically selected border control points throughout the country.
- Work on the Gonokrom, Menuso and Dadieso border posts are progressing steadily.
- The e-Immigration project is being implemented to enhance the work of the Ghana Immigration Service and also to reduce processing time for persons travelling through our ports of entry
- The Immigration Service Bill is also before Parliament.
The Ghana Prisons Service (GPS)
The Ghana Prisons Service is responsible for the safe custody of prisoners in Ghana, as well as their welfare, reformation and rehabilitation. It is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Interior.
The GPS has a mandate to perform three main functions. These are:
- Ensuring safe custody of prisoners and execution of sentences in a humane manner.
- Ensuring the welfare of prisoners through protection of their rights and providing them with good health care, clothing, bedding, feeding, recreation, and library facilities, among other amenities.